More Than One C: Educating Students to Be Ready for Careers and College (Policy Brief)

This policy brief from EPIC discusses the United State’s bias toward college-going as the gold standard and how to counteract that singular mode of thinking. EPIC outlines why definitions of K–12 success should balance an emphasis on each C (college and career). EPIC also shows the related pitfalls of districts failing to attend to the…

Policy Brief Cover Page

From Accountability to Actionability: Making Sense of Multiple Measures in Local Control Accountability Plans (Policy Brief)

EPIC’s policy brief reviews promising practices from California districts as well as insights from research on multiple measures to provide recommendations that improve how California districts generate, present, and use data in their Local Control Accountability Plans (LCAPs). Those from outside the state will find valuable information about using multiple measures to develop a coherent…

Defining a New North Star: Aligning LCAPs to College and Career Readiness (Policy Brief)

In this policy brief, EPIC recommends that college and career readiness serve as the “North Star” in California’s recently reformed accountability system. A district seeking to use its Local Control Accountability Plan (LCAP) to promote a college- and career-going culture should take the following steps: •  Adopt, modify, or generate a consistent and shared definition…

Measures for a College and Career Indicator: Final Report (cover image)

Measures for a College and Career Indicator: Final Report

In 2012, California Senate Bill 1458 added a measure of college and career preparedness to the Academic Performance Index (API). The Public Schools Accountability Act Advisory Committee was charged with making recommendations to the State Superintendent of Public Instruction and the State Board of Education regarding measures that could serve as indicators of college and…

A New Era for Educational Assessment

In 2010, Jobs for the Future—with support from the Nellie Mae Education Foundation—launched the Students at the Center initiative, an effort to identify, synthesize, and share research and effective approaches to teaching and learning at the high school level. The initiative began by commissioning a series of white papers on key topics in secondary schooling, such…

Measures for a College and Career Indicator: Multiple Measures

This white paper considers the benefits and limitations of multiple measures of college and career preparedness. The previous papers in this series evaluated measures against a framework consisting of 10 criteria. This white paper uses theory and practice related to measures of college and career preparedness as its frame of reference and primary organizing structure.…

Measures for a College and Career Indicator: Career Preparedness Assessments

This white paper considers the career preparedness assessments used most widely by state educational systems—specifically ACT’s WorkKeys, the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB), the National Occupational Competency Testing Institute (NOCTI), and industry certification assessments—as measures to be considered for California’s college and career indicator. The paper begins by presenting a brief overview of career…

Measures for a College and Career Indicator: Course-Taking Behavior

Measures for a College and Career Indicator: Course-Taking Behavior

This white paper considers course-taking behavior—specifically the a–g subject requirements for the University of California (UC) and the California State University (CSU) systems, career technical education (CTE) course pathways, and an integrated course pathway—as potential measures to be included in California’s college and career indicator. The paper begins by presenting a brief overview of the…

Measures for a College and Career Indicator: Innovative Measures

This white paper considers innovative measures—specifically metacognitive assessments, performance assessments, and the California State Seal of Biliteracy—as potential measures to be included in California’s college and career indicator. The paper begins by describing the criteria that each innovative measure is evaluated against. Next, innovative measures are evaluated against the framework being used for all five…

CCIndicator-CollegeAdmissionExams

Measures for a College and Career Indicator: College Admission Exams

This white paper considers college admission exams—specifically the SAT® and ACT®—as potential measures to be included in California’s college and career indicator. The paper begins by presenting a brief overview of the two exams, their respective histories, and their current applications to other state accountability systems. Next, the SAT and ACT are evaluated against the…