Essential Skills and Dispositions: Developmental Frameworks for Collaboration, Communication, Creativity, and Self-Direction

This set of developmental frameworks was created to facilitate discussion within communities of practice and to enhance a shared understanding of the dynamic nature of four essential skills—collaboration, communication, creativity, and self-direction in learning. The frameworks define components inherent to each skill and describe performance across a beginner to emerging expert progression, informed by research…

Global Citizenship: A Study in Progress

Last month, I traveled to Barcelona, Spain, to conduct a unique, mixed-methods study of metacognitive skills at the International Baccalaureate (IB) World Student Conference. I surveyed global citizenship levels among IB Diploma Programme students from 19 nations who attended the weeklong, project-based learning experience. I conducted two diverse focus groups: one with students representing eight…

International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme: Examining College Readiness Final Report

This three-phase study explored the effect of the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma Programme on college readiness by examining the academic and non-academic preparation of students who participated in IB Diploma Programmes in high school. The study compared college readiness data collected from two groups of students who matriculated to the Robert D. Clark Honors College…

Measures for a College and Career Indicator: Innovative Measures

This white paper considers innovative measures—specifically metacognitive assessments, performance assessments, and the California State Seal of Biliteracy—as potential measures to be included in California’s college and career indicator. The paper begins by describing the criteria that each innovative measure is evaluated against. Next, innovative measures are evaluated against the framework being used for all five…

Learning Strategies as Metacognitive Factors: A Critical Review

This paper highlights the conceptual soundness of explicitly acknowledging and developing metacognitive factors in the learning process. It also demonstrates the feasibility of measuring these skills and of the ways in which schools, districts, and states can incorporate them into practice, first on a limited, experimental basis, with the commitment to scaling them up when…

Creating Systems of Assessment for Deeper Learning

This report authored by David Conley, founder of the Educational Policy Improvement Center, and Linda Darling-Hammond of the Stanford Center for Opportunity Policy in Education describes how state policymakers and education leaders can strategically design systems of assessment and accountability in ways that support learning for students, educators, and systems, alike. Drawing on research and…

MindSets and Equitable Education

Stanford professor and leading researcher Carol S. Dweck discusses mindsets and how beliefs about intelligence affect learning outcomes. According to her, there are two fundamental mindsets that a student can have about intelligence: it is fixed, or it is fluid and can increase with practice and training. These two mindsets strongly affect students’ perception of…

Redefining College Readiness

In this report, EPIC’s founder, Dr. David Conley, suggests that “college readiness” has been defined primarily in terms of high school courses taken, grades received, and scores on national tests. He proposes widening the scope and redefining college readiness to include Key Cognitive Strategies, Key Content Knowledge, Academic Behaviors, and Contextual Skills.      …