Dr. Conley’s Four Keys to College and Career Readiness model incorporates over a decade of research on what it takes to succeed in college and career. This research includes:
- the development of a proficiency-based college admissions system developed for the Oregon University System,
- a national study on college readiness standards sponsored by the Association of American Universities,
- multiple analyses of entry-level college courses sponsored by the College Board and others,
- college and career readiness standards developed under the sponsorship of the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board and subsequent studies of their validity relative to college and careers,
- a study of career preparation programs sponsored by the National Assessment Governing Board,
- and two major studies sponsored by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation on the alignment of the Common Core State Standards to college and career readiness.
According to the model, students are ready for college and careers to the degree to which they have mastered elements in all four keys: Think, Know, Act, and Go.